Government of Saskatchewan
Saturday, April 20, 2019
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Canadian Social Policy Renewal and the National Child Benefit

Over the past thirty years, a dynamic process of globalization and international market integration has effected unprecedented changes, which have stimulated and conditioned the need for economic and social restructuring. The nature and impact of these changes have been controversial and the competitive consequences have made it difficult for governments to maintain social policy initiatives to protect or promote population health and well-being. Increasing rivalry and pressure on governments has constrained the use of labour legislation and other social policy measures to address the detrimental consequences of intensified competition and economic restructuring.

The 1995 Federal Budget became a catalyst for social policy reform. To limit the fiscal deficit, the federal government reduced financing for social programs and shifted costs to provincial and territorial governments. This exacerbated existing fiscal pressures of provincial and territorial governments and precipitated a collaborative intergovernmental process to reform and renew Canadian social policy. The resulting Social Policy Renewal initiative established a framework for intergovernmental collaboration and cooperation, established precedents for intergovernmental relations, addressed issues regarding federal and provincial/territorial roles and responsibilities, and defined measures for ongoing policy development.

This SIPP project has reviewed the context and events of the Social Policy Renewal initiative from 1995 to 1999, and has documented the intergovernmental process by which the federal and provincial governments and their bureaucracies came to develop the National Child Benefit.


Bill Warriner

Open Document

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