Government of Saskatchewan
Tuesday, February 19, 2019
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SIPP publishes approximately 10 papers annually regarding current issues of public policy.

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  A Conceptual Comparative Analysis Between the British and Canadian Mad Cow Crisis: The Cost of Learning
As evidenced by the British and Canadian BSE crises, the emergence of complex diseases in the food chain globally has made food safety policy vitally important. This paper compares and analyzes the events that occurred within the British and Canadian beef industries.
  Assessing the Viability of an Ethanol Industry in Saskatchewan
This paper explores five key questions that require attention in the determination of the viability of an ethanol industry for a small jurisdiction with a small local ethanol demand. As a case study, this paper examines the province of Saskatchewan, which is currently encouraging a large scale ethanol industry expansion.
  Assessing Urban Aboriginal Housing Needs in Southern Alberta
Currently, more Aboriginal people live in cities than on reserves in western Canada. This population is also growing rapidly with Aboriginal people representing a significant percentage of the overall population in many prairie cities. Many studies have emphasized the over-representation of Aboriginal people in the homeless population, but little work has been conducted to determine how those Aboriginal individuals who currently rent or own homes succeeded in doing so. In this paper, Yale Belanger investigates two primary questions: (1) What current housing conditions are confronting Aboriginal people in Lethbridge, and (2) How do landlords view Aboriginal renters.
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  Between Policy and Practice: Navigating CIDA's Democracy Agenda
In this paper, author Geoffrey Cameron analyzes the formulation of Canada’s democracy agenda through an historical examination of development theory and Canadian foreign policy, and offers a theory of deliberative democracy that will give a constructive approach to Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) programming.
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  Canadian Digital Government
Using information technologies and the Internet to improve communication and service delivery are key processes of government modernization in North America, Europe and parts of Asia. In response to shifting political, economic and social demands, governments around the globe have designed online policy agendas. Canadian e-government is well established, currently providing secure access, electronic service delivery, and integrated information coordinated across government departments and agencies with evaluation conducted through standardized benchmarking tools.
  Constitutionalizing and Legislating Parity Democracy: The Cases of France and Belgium
This paper examines how and why France and Belgium came to modify their respective constitutions and pass parity laws.
  Cultural Policy in Saskatchewan
Cultural policy has a history of being relegated to secondary importance or being supported in an ad hoc way by governments in many jurisdictions in North America and around the world. This has occurred despite the fact that there is a growing literature demonstrating the importance of the arts and culture in the economic vitality of places both as a growth sector in itself and as a contributor to quality of life, enhancing population growth and retention.
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  Early Learning and Child Care in Saskatchewan: Past, Present and Future
Author Martha Friendly evaluates the current and future early learning and child care situation in Saskatchewan in this paper. She uses the key policy issues of access, quality and financing to place early learning and child care (ELCC) in Saskatchewan in the overall Canadian context.
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  Health Care Spending, Fiscal Sustainability, and Public Investment
In this study, Joe Ruggeri analyzes three major issues on the debate on health care policy in Canada: (a) the concept and measurement of sustainability, (b) health care and fiscal federalism, and (c) health care spending as investment.
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  Immigrant Skilled Workers: Should Canada Attract More Foreign Students?
This paper examines federal and provincial immigration policy and explores some important issues relating to the process of admission of immigrants to Canada. It also analyzes areas where changes are needed to maximize the benefits from immigration to the Canadian economy faced with the challenges of aging population and changing labour market conditions. The paper emphasizes that immigration policy must be focused not simply on bringing in more people, but people who are likely to adapt to the Canadian lifestyle, contribute economically, abide by laws in the country, and become self-supporting.
  Improving Accountability Models in Public Education: Applying Logic Models of Performance Management
Whether dealing with the outcomes of the Enron fiasco or perceived failures by publicly funded K-12 education, citizens increasingly expect and demand action that ensures appropriate accountability mechanisms are in place. Jim Marshall and Larry Steeves in their paper “Improving Accountability Models in Public Education: Applying Logic Models of Performance Management” examine the current use of accountability framework models as they relate to publicly funded education in North America and compare them to more complex models developed in the field of public administration and public policy.
  Influencers and Priorities: A Sociological Examination of First Nations High School Students in Manitoba
In his paper, “Influencers and Priorities: A Sociological Examination of First Nations High School Students in Manitoba”, Chris Adams studies the extent to which First Nations teenagers report being influenced by those in their family and community as they seek to make choices about their future.
  Issues in Equalization: A Discussion
The Five-Province Standard, Representative Tax System for Equalization was fraught with difficulties and could only be held together through a series of arbitrary patches and stitches. The inequity of the impact of these “fixes” could not be denied and, soon enough, the failure of the system was obvious to even the most cursory of observers.
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  Keeping up with the Joneses: A Policy for the Government of Saskatchewan's International Relations
This paper analyzes the management roles and responsibilities of both federal and provincial Canadian governments regarding international relations. The author, Dr. Robert McLaren, evaluates the international role that the Saskatchewan Government has taken to date and provides options for change.
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  Legitimacy on Trial: A Process for Appointing Justices to the Supreme Court of Canada
This paper traces the debate over Supreme Court of Canada appointments over the last two decades and emphasizes the need to be conscious of the conflicting interests that have informed the debate over the years.
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  Making Faith Public: How Faith-Based Social Justice Groups in Regina use Religious Resources
This study uses interviews with leaders of faith-based justice groups in Regina to examine how they apply their religious resources for the goal of social change, and in this way make religious faith public.
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  Performance Measurement, Reporting and Accountability: Recent Trends and Future Directions
This paper seeks to explore what makes performance measurement so attractive in theory, yet so difficult in practice. One needs to examine both successful and unsuccessful efforts to introduce performance measurement to assess what may work for any particular jurisdiction.
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  Rethinking the Jurisdictional Divide: The Marginalization of Urban Aboriginal Communities and Federal Policy Responses
The urban Aboriginal population has grown by 50% in the last half century. The federal government’s focus, however, in both spending and policy development has remained on on-reserve populations, even though the federal government’s inability to address poor housing, education and economic opportunities on reserves has been a cause of the urbanization trend.
  Righting Past Wrongs: The Case for a Federal Role in Decommissioning and Reclaiming Abandoned Uranium Mines in Northern Saskatchewan
While mining operations in northern Saskatchewan that supplied the United States military with Uranium in the early days of the Cold War ceased in the 1960s, people of this area continue to live to date with the environmental, human health and safety risks of the abandoned mines. International precedents and the history of Uranium mining in Canada make it clear that it is the federal government that must address the environmental legacy of an industry that was both promoted and regulated by the federal government during the Cold War. Yet, the federal government has abandoned its responsibility to fund decommissioning and reclaiming of these sites and wants instead the Government of Saskatchewan to assume this responsibility.
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  Saskatchewan with an Aboriginal Majority: Education and Entrepreneurship
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the economic transformation of the Eastern European immigrants and their descendants and to ask whether it will happen again for Aboriginal people in Saskatchewan.
  Social Policy and Constitutional Reform: The Case of Canada’s Family Allowance Program in the 1970s
According to SIPP’s 52nd Public Policy Paper, written by Raymond Blake, family allowances was one of the most important social programs in Canada for nearly half a century. It was one of the few programs shared by all Canadian families from 1945 to 1992, and one of the few means of building social cohesion across Canada. However, in the early 1970s, family allowances became embroiled in the minefield of Canadian intergovernmental relations and the political crisis created by Quebec’s growing demands for greater autonomy from the federal government.
  Social Policy and Intergovernmental Relations in Canada: Understanding the Failure of SUFA from a Quebec Perspective
This paper seeks to examine Quebec’s viewpoint on the nature of intergovernmental relations in Canada, and in particular SUFA. Quebec’s rejection of SUFA was couched in its long bitter experience with Canadian federalism, one that largely comprised denial of respect and promotion of Quebec’s identity, inflexibility and inability of the federal government and other provinces to adapt to its specific needs, and lack of respect for its areas of jurisdiction in relations between governments.
  Standing on Guard Canadian Identity, Globalization and Continental Integration
For Canada, living so close to the United States, globalization often means Americanization. Yet, even in the face of rapid globalization and the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement, Canadians have become more conscious of their identity.
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  The Charter of Rights and Off-Reserve First Nations People: A Way to Fill the Public Policy Vacuum?
Despite frequent talk in government and public policy circles about the need to improve the social outcomes of Aboriginal peoples in Saskatchewan and elsewhere in Canada, bureaucratic wrangling over which level of government should be responsible for providing social programs to Aboriginal peoples, particularly those living off reserves, continues to be the most serious impediment to effective government programming.
  The Death of Deference: National Policy-Making in the Aftermath of the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords
Although some governments have shown real interest in new ways of making constitutive decisions, on the whole, intergovernmental relations is largely a “closed shop” of bureaucrats and politicians. In designing new mechanisms to make the governance of our federation more legitimate, governments must accept that legitimacy in a democratic society requires the public to have a role in shaping both the terms of the debate and the results.
  The Democratic Content of Intergovernmental Agreements in Canada
This paper assesses the democratic character of intergovernmental agreements (IGAs) based on the criteria of responsiveness, effectiveness, participation, and transparency and accountability through the examination of the Canada-Wide Accord on Environmental Harmonization and the bilateral Labour Market Development Agreements.
  The Difficulty of Establishing Privacy Rights in the Face of Public Policy from Nowhere
This paper examines two enactments of public policy in practice, the Saskatchewan Automobile Injury Appeal Commission’s (AIAC) posting of sensitive personal information on the Internet and the government (Saskatchewan and Alberta) sale of personal motor vehicle registration (MVR) information.
  The Equalization Quagmire: Where Do We Go From Here?
Equalization has been a key component of Canadian finance in one form or another since Confederation. A major reform may prove difficult because of the constitutional impediments to implementing a true equalization system. It is more likely that the future changes to the system will be of a piecemeal variety.
  The Fiscal Burden of the Young and the Elderly
In order to attach a fiscal meaning to population aging, the authors of SIPP’s 37th Public Policy Paper developed indicators that incorporate the fiscal impact of changes in the age composition of the population within a given fiscal structure.
  The Gateway to a Market-driven Agricultural Economy: A Framework for Demand Chain Management in the Food Industry
In this paper, “The Gateway to a Market-driven Agricultural Economy: A Framework for Demand Chain Management in the Food Industry”, Dr. Sylvain Charlebois presents a demand chain design framework that can be linked to Gateway and Corridor Management practices in order to respond to changing food market demands, domestically and abroad.
  The Indigenous Land Claims in New Zealand and Canada: From Grievance to Enterprise
The paper reflects on the struggle by Indigenous peoples in Canada and New Zealand for the recognition of their rights to their traditional lands and resources and the role that these resources are expected to play, and indeed have played, in providing Aboriginal people and the Maori with the capacity to pursue development on their terms.
  The Saskatchewan Voluntary Sector in the Context of Social Enterprise: A Case Study of Family Service in Regina
Discussions of the voluntary sector that focus primarily on volunteerism omit a key dimension of the social and economic life of the province: the new norm of social entrepreneurship. An evaluation of the current environment of the voluntary sector in Saskatchewan, along with a detailed look at Family Services Regina as a practical example, forms the basis of the Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy 33rd Public Policy Paper.
  This “New Europe”: Historic Policy Opportunities for Canada
While the idea of creating options for our foreign policy is not new, what is worth seriously reflecting on is the extent to which Europe is becoming a willing and able global partner. The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which Europe has profoundly reformed and strengthened its constitutional structure in recent years and consider various policy opportunities for Canada that such a new and differently oriented international actor presents.
  Toward a New Paradigm for Humanitarian Intervention
Humanitarian tragedies, and the intervention that follows, remain in the forefront of major international issues. Often, the events tend to demonstrate the underlying tensions between humanitarian moral impulses and the legal basis of the international security regime. In this paper, “Toward a New Paradigm for Humanitarian Intervention”, Dr. Lee Ward suggests there is a better way to deal with humanitarian catastrophes.
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  Using Protection Motivation Theory to Increase the Persuasiveness of Public Service Communications
As more money is spent on public service campaigns, researchers and practitioners have turned their attention to understanding what factors contribute to persuasive and effective campaigns. In this paper, Magdalena Cismaru explores these factors through an in-depth review of existing literature on this topic and provides recommendations for practitioners about the persuasiveness of public service announcements.
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  Weathering the Political and Environmental Climate of Kyoto Protocol
Canada is one of nearly 100 countries to have signed the U N Framework Agreement on Climate Change, commonly called Kyoto Protocol. Together, these countries represent about 40 percent of the 1990 emissions, considerably short of the 55 percent threshold necessary for the Protocol to come into effect. This paper seeks to examine various aspects of the treaty with reference to its implementability in today’s world.
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  Zero Foreign Aid? Policy Implications for Donor and Recipient Countries
What will happen to aid-recipient countries if a policy of zero aid is implemented today? This study analyzes the effects of eliminating all foreign aid for poor countries.
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